China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment (hereinafter referred to as CNAS) is the national accreditation body of China unitarily responsible for the accreditation of certification bodies, laboratories and inspection bodies, which is established under the approval of the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People’s Republic of China (CNCA) and authorized by CNCA in accordance with the Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Certification and Accreditation.
The organizational structure of CNAS includes: the Board, Executive Committee, Technical Committee on Certification Body Accreditation, Technical Committee on Laboratory Accreditation, Technical Committee on Inspection Body Accreditation, Appraisal Committee, Appeal Committee, End-user Committee and Secretariat. Other special committees may also be established if necessary.
2. Who is influencing the conformity?
1) The Technical Committee on Certification Body Accreditation, Technical Committee on Laboratory Accreditation and Technical Committee on Inspection Body Accreditation;
The Technical Committee on Certification Body Accreditation, Technical Committeeon Laboratory Accreditation and Technical Committee on Inspection Body Accreditationare responsible for reviewing the public available documents in correspondingaccreditation fields such as the application guidance or explanations for accreditationrules or criteria, providing technical direction to the implementation of correspondingaccreditation rules, criteria and guidance documents, and providing relevantrecommendations to the Board.
They aremainly constituted by representatives of interested parties in line with the principle ofimpartiality.When needed, the Technical Committee on Certification Body Accreditation, theTechnical Committee on Laboratory Accreditation and the Technical Committee forInspection Body Accreditation could establish specialized committees for technicalprojects in the corresponding field.
2) The Appraisal Committee, The Appeal Committee, End-user Committee;
The Appraisal Committee is responsible for reviewing the conclusions ofaccreditation assessments and related information against the requirements ofaccreditation rules and criteria etc., and recommending for decisions on granting,extending, reducing, suspending or withdrawing accreditation.
The Appeal Committee is responsible for investigating the appeals in accreditationand make decisions on the appeals.
The End-user Committee is responsible for suggesting or complaining to CNAS andfeedback information about the results of conformity assessment.
The Appraisal Committee, Appeal Committee and End-user Committee are specialoperation mechanisms established under approval of the Board. They are constitutedby associated personnel.
3) Other special committees;
Other special committees may also be established by the approval of the Board orExecutive Committee according to the operational needs.
4) The Secretariat.
The Secretariat is the standing executive body of CNAS. The Secretariat is responsible for the routine operation of CNAS, and assumeslegal liabilities for the operation of CNAS. Its responsibilities include:
a) To accept the applications for accreditation, arrange accreditation assessments,issue accreditation certificates and carry out post-accreditation surveillanceactivities;
b) To accept the appeals and handle the complaints in accreditation;
c) To carry out other activities related to accreditation.
3. Who is making the decision of it?
1) The Board;
The Board is the supreme authority of CNAS, and assumes the overall responsibility for making decisions on accreditation.
The CNAS Board is composed of the members from 64 organizations representing 5 interested parties e.g. government, conformity assessment bodies, clients of conformity assessment service, users of conformity assessment and technical experts.The composition of the Board shall ensure the balance of interests with no single party predominating.The Board has one Chairman, one Executive Vice Chairman and several ViceChairmen, who are elected by the Board with an office term of 4 years.
The member composition of the Board is approved by CNCA. The Board membersare nominated by the member organizations with an office term of 4 years.The Board meets in session at least once a year. The quorum of the session is atleast two thirds of the Board members. It shall be ensured that all interested parties arepresented. Any resolution passed at the session shall be agreed by a simple majority ofthe presenting members.
2) The Executive Committee.
The Executive Committee is a body inside the Board. It carries out duties authorized by the Board during its adjournment.When the Board is not in session, the Executive Committee carries out the dutiesand responsibilities delegated by the Board.
The Executive Committee is composed of the Chairman, the Executive ViceChairman and the Vice Chairmen of the Board and the Chief Executive, with an officeterm of 4 years.The Chairman of the Board is the Chairman of the Executive Committee, theExecutive Vice Chairman of the Board is the Vice Chairman of the ExecutiveCommittee, and the Vice Chairmen of the Board and the Chief Executive are themembers of the Executive Committee.